Late one August evening in 1914, a man and woman, their
three small children, and three young American men crouched
behind rocks and brush along the banks of Lake Ontario
at Georgia Bay, Canada, and watched a weird scene:
A strange globular craft, which appeared to be about 15
feet in diameter, rested on the surface of the water about
450 feet from shore. On the square-shaped substructure
at the water line were two small men-like creatures who
were busying themselves with a green "hose."
The little men worked quickly, and seemed to be having
some problem with kinks in the hose, by the way they manipulated
This incident was related in a letter received at APRO
headquarters in late spring, 1966. The writer, after reading
several articles by Mrs. Lorenzen in Fate magazine, had
decided to confide his experience to someone who apparently
would listen to such revelations with a sympathetic ear.
Shortly after receiving the letter from the informant
about the 1914 affair, we decided that a close scrutiny
of the writer would be in order and a qualified member
of APRO in the San Francisco area was asked to interview
the man who had reported the incident.
At about 5 p.m. one of the children spotted a deer at
the water line staring out over the lake, apparently unaware
of the humans nearby. When the girl glanced in the direction
the deer was looking, she saw an unusual craft resting
on the water. She called her mother, who, when she saw
it, called her husband and the three young Americans.
William J. Kiehl (writer of the letter) says the air was
very still, the water was unruffled and the craft sat
motionless in the water about 450 feet from shore. Its
shape was that of a globe except that it was slightly
flattened on top and had some sort of a square substructure
around the bottom.
Two "little fellows" were on this deck-like
substructure, and appeared to be busy with a hose which
looked to be about two and a half inches in diameter.
The hose was green and on the end of it was a round object.
When Kiehl first noticed the "little men", they
were working vigorously with the lower part of the hose,
the other end of which came out of the globular structure
above their heads. Their motion indicated that they were
taking the kinks out of the lower part or untangling it
in some way.
Questions later put to Mr. Kiehl about the small men
he observed yielded the following information:
They appeared to be four feet tall or under, were dressed
in tight-fitting suits which revealed their human shapes,
and which appeared iridescent, for they were green or
purple as they moved about in the late afternoon sunlight.
Each of the "men" wore a box-shaped or square
While the little men were concerning themselves with the
hose, which appeared to be controlled by something in
the upper part of the globular structure, three pipes
or straight objects came out of the top of the craft,
along with the heads and shoulders of three other small
creatures. These three began doing something to the pipe-like
protuberances. Kiehl could not discern what the three
were doing, but noted that while they, like the other
three, were wearing square yellow headgear, their clothing
- what could be seen - was khaki-colored. He also noted
that the size of the heads was large in comparison to
the diminutive bodies. Kiehl described the bodies as "skinny."
When the trio of little men on top of the craft finished
their task with the pipes, they turned and seemed to look
very piercingly at the deer which was watching them from
the beach. The deer turned and ran back into the woods.
They seemed not to notice their human audience, as far
as Kiehl was able to tell.
The three topside "men" then disappeared into
the craft and the pipes went down in the same manner.
At this point, the creatures on the substructure had gotten
the hose in through a square hatch above them and about
midpoint of the craft itself, and one started to get into
the hatch. Kiehl could see into the hatch and noted what
seemed to him to be tiles set in the opposite wall which
were bright green in color.
Just as the first "little man" got into the
hatch, the craft began to lift off the water. Water streamed
from the bottom of the craft and the remaining little
man clung desperately to a chrome-like ring which encircled
the globular superstructure. The craft lifted straight
up to an altitude of about fifteen feet and Kiehl could
see the underside which looked like a latticework of square
metal, dull gray in color like the rest of the craft,
and which shed water.
Then the whole globe tipped back at a sharp angle and
shot off into the sky at an angle of about thirty to forty-five
degrees. It left a short trail of vapor or steam which
was only a few feet long, and the object was quickly out
of sight. It made no sound at any time which Kiehl could
The last that William Kiehl saw of the craft, the little
man who had been left clinging to the rail around the
middle of the globe was still holding on. Kiehl says he
often wonders what happened to him.
APRO's investigator asked Mr. Kiehl what was said about
the incident by his companions and Kiehl replied that
they were all startled at the incident, but talked little
about it afterward. For one thing, there was a language
problem. The Canadian family spoke only French and the
young college student was the only interpreter and his
French apparently was not the best.
The machine was watched by the group of eight people for
about ten minutes, affording everyone a good look. The
most startling thing about this particular incident is
its resemblance to another sighting which also took place
in Canada, on July 2, 1950.
July 2, 1950:
A senior executive of the Steep Rock Iron Mines and his
wife were on an outing at Sawtooth Bay on Steep Rock Lake
in Ontario. They had beached their boat on a sandy shore
where there was plenty of shade, had some tea and sandwiches,
and sat back to relax.
Suddenly, a shock wave was felt - the air seemed to vibrate.
The man thought it might have been a dynamite blast but
there had been no sound. The executive decided to investigate
and climbed up on a rock outcropping which protruded above
Looking through a cleft in the rock, the observer saw
a large shiny apparently metallic object resting on the
water about a quarter of a mile down the shoreline. He
quickly scrambled back to his wife and brought her back
to the niche so that she could see the object too.
It looked like two huge saucers stuck together, lip to
lip. What appeared to be round black-edged portholes were
arranged around the circumference, where the "saucers
On the top of the bizarre craft what appeared to be hatch
covers were open and the observers saw about ten small
figures moving about. Protruding from the top to about
eight feet above the "deck" was a hoop-shaped
object which rotated slowly. When it appeared to be pointed
at a location directly opposite the two observers, it
would stop and so would the "little men." The
man and his wife got the distinct impression that the
concentration was on their location and ducked behind
The hoop-like contraption seemed to be operated by one
of the figures on a prominence directly below it. This
"being" had a bright red apparatus on its head
while the rest of the figures on the superstructure were
wearing blue headpieces of some type.
The executive estimated that the size of the object was
approximately 48 feet in diameter, using the size of two
trees on the opposite shore as points of reference, and
that the little men, who had shiny metal of some kind
on their chests and dark clothing, were between three
and a half and four feet tall. No features were noticed,
of course, because of the distance - about 1200 feet.
The two observers agreed that the tiny figures moved like
automatons, did not turn as normal beings do, but changed
direction laboriously as though it was a difficult task,
and turned their feet before turning their bodies.
Two bright green hoses extended into the water, and during
the sighting, a distinct humming sound could be heard.
The witnesses thought that water was being taken into
the ship with one hose and that it was being discharged
back into the lake through the other.
Each time the rotating hoop pointed in their direction,
the man and wife would duck behind their rock shelter.
The last time they ducked, when they stuck their heads
out again, about twenty seconds later, the figures and
the hoop were missing, and the object began to rise from
the surface of the water. Where it had rested, the water
was tinted red with a slight gold cast.
The object was estimated to be about 15 feet thick at
its highest point and about 12 feet thick at the edge.
There was a rush of wind as it took off at about a 45-degree
angle, whereupon it vanished quickly into the sky.
In the Kiehl sighting, as in the Steep Rock case, a
vivid green hose is involved, the craft is resting on
water, and the occupants of the craft seem sensitive to
the presence of people or animals. Deer are involved in
both cases, also.
Kiehl was questioned closely by APRO's investigator and
by letters from APRO's office, but was firm in his assertion
that the entities were not mechanical men, but rather
were living beings because of the way they moved about.
There can be no doubt that the craft in Kiehl's story
differs greatly from that in the Steep Rock case. This
is not surprising, however, for even if they did have
the same origin, is it not possible for the aircraft design
to change radically in thirty-six years?
There is an explanation for the movements of the Steep
Rock creatures which is logical and even sensible. If
the figures on that craft were living beings equipped
with, for instance, magnetic shoes, they would give the
appearance of moving about clumsily and with great effort.
And if we extend our theorizing just a bit further, we
come up with the possibility that, having lost one of
the crew in a similar area during a water operation, better
means of navigating on the possibly slippery surface of
the craft might be adopted. Magnetic shoes?
Kiehl was also questioned about the color of the water
after the craft he had observed had left. He said he saw
no difference from the rest of the water in the lake.
Occupants in the United States
next is the most spectacular report we have examined,
and although APRO has not completed its investigation,
sufficient work has been done so that we feel it is an
authentic incident and important to any documentation
of "occupant" incidents.
September 4, 1964:
On the Labor Day weekend of 1964, three men from the Sacramento
area of California drove into the mountains near Cisco
Grove (not far from Truckee) to do some bow-hunting. The
bow-hunting season, which precedes the usual deer season,
had just commenced. On the afternoon of September 4, the
three men were hunting a ridge some distance from their
camp. As dusk approached, they were separated from each
other. Our principal, Mr. S., was to proceed along the
ridge and approach camp from a certain area. When he reached
the end of the ridge, he found that it ended in a sheer
drop to the canyon below and he realized he would have
to retrace his path and find another way to get to camp.
He started back, in the dusk, and came into a canyon with
a granite outcropping, few trees, and sparse brush. At
this point, he heard what he thought was a bear by the
crashing sounds it made, and took refuge in a tree. Shortly,
confident that the bear had gone, he got down and built
three small signal fires hoping to attract the attention
of rangers, not knowing they had left the area already.
Then S. saw a light below the horizon and thought it was
a lantern and that his friends were looking for him. But
when the light darted up and over a tree, he realized
it wasn't a lantern and thought perhaps a search and rescue
helicopter was coming. When the light came in his direction,
then stopped, and hovered motionless without any sound,
he realized this was something out of the ordinary and
went back up into the tree.
This tree is important to the story. It is 25 to 30 feet
high, big enough at the base so that it cannot be circled
by a man's arms, completely branchless up to 12 feet,
with sparse but sturdy limbs above it. S. climbed to the
12-foot mark and stayed there for a time.
The light S. had seen appeared to be 8 to 10 inches in
diameter, and white. It appeared to be accompanied by
two or three other objects which stayed at a regulated
distance from it. Remember at this point that it was dark
with a moon rising, but nevertheless this canyon is partly
shaded from the moon's light. Shapes and things were therefore
indistinct. The light then circled around S.'s tree, a
flash was seen, and a dark object fell to the ground.
Then he noticed a "dome-shaped affair" 400 to
500 yards away, apparently on or near the ground.
Noises like someone moving in the brush attracted S.'s
attention, and he saw a figure emerge from a patch of
manzanita brush. The creature seemed to be examining the
manzanita. Then, from a slightly different direction,
another figure approached and the two came toward the
tree in which S. perched, stood at the base, and looked
at him. He occasionally heard a "cooing" or
"hooting" noise to which the two always reacted,
but doesn't know if the sound came from them or an owl
in the area. The reaction from the entities might have
simply been curiosity about the noise. The only other
noise he heard during the night was the sound of movement
in the brush, and once he heard the sound of a generator.
At this point, a third figure came from the direction
of the dome - it seemed to move in a different manner
than the first two, making more noise, seemed to run into
bushes, going over or through them rather than around,
as the others did. The descriptions of these three figures
Numbers one and two were about 5 feet 5 inches, S.'s best
estimate. They were clothed in a silvery-grey material
with a covering that went up over the head straight from
the shoulders. No facial features were visible at any
time. The third "entity" was grey, dark grey,
or black. It, too, had no discernible neck, but two reddish-orange
"eyes" glowed and flickered where the "head"
would be. It had a "mouth" which, when it opened,
seemed to "drop" open, making a rectangular
hole in the "face." The mouth extended completely
across the "face" area.
S. saw figures number one and two more clearly than the
other, for they came in from an area bathed in moonlight.
Figure number three came in on the shadowed side of the
canyon. Its eyes appeared to be about 3 inches in diameter.
The first two figures attempted to get to S. by boosting
one another up the tree, but apparently did not know how
to climb a tree. The third entity (which S. calls a "robot")
seemed to be just watching and waiting, near the base
of the tree. Then the nightmare began.
S. readily admits he was badly frightened. He realized
the object on the hill must have been a "flying saucer"
although he knew little about them except from newspaper
accounts. Throughout the night, the robot tried to gas
him with smoke which issued from its mouth while the other
two looked on, or tried to climb the tree. S. climbed
higher, belted himself to the trunk (the section where
he finally settled was 4 inches in diameter) and began
lighting pieces of his clothing and throwing it at them.
First, he lit his cap, which flared up brightly (probably
due to hair dressing which is quite oily), and threw it
down. The two figures backed up and away from the tree.
Then the robot opened its mouth, S. saw a puff of white
smoke or gas, and seconds later, he became light-headed,
then lost consciousness. Each time this happened, he would
awaken, probably only seconds later, sick and retching.
He would then light another piece of his clothing or throw
something at them to try to discourage them. He succeeded
in starting several small fires on the ground, hoping
to attract attention from someone, or to discourage his
tormentors. Altogether, he tore apart his camouflaged
oversuit, his jacket, and his cap.
Before he began setting fires, S. shot three arrows at
what he thought was the chest section of the robot. When
the arrows hit, they struck a spark as they made contact
with the robot, suggesting that it was made of metal,
and succeeded in knocking the robot away two or three
feet. Occasionally, the robot would get downwind before
releasing the gas, which S. said he never saw after it
left the robot's mouth.
S. threw his canteen down, which one of the silver-suited
entities picked up and both of them examined. All in all,
he threw his bow, his canteen, and a pocketful of silver
coins, besides bits of burning clothing and paper.
Finally, at about dawn when the east was just starting
to get pinkish with the first light of the sun, the two
"men" figures stood back from the tree, another
robot joined the first and they stood facing each other
at the base of the tree. Suddenly, sparks and a glow filled
the area between their chests, and a cloud of the gas
issued from them. This time, S. did not know for certain
where the gas came from. He blacked out and when he came
to, they were gone. He was extremely nauseated, and was
hanging, limp and exhausted, his head and legs and arms
dangling. He feels they left him for dead. He was bitterly
cold from exposure, having only his T-shirt, levis, underclothing,
socks, and boots left. He waited a while, got down, and
S. said he got another scare when he spotted smoke issuing
from near a rock, but found it was only the smoke residue
from one of the fires he had started during the night.
He tried to orient himself, then started for camp. Finally,
sick and frightened and exhausted from his ordeal and
the cold, he lay down. He then heard one of his friends
whistling, got up and the two located each other, then
went back to camp.
When S. arrived at camp, he found that one of the other
men had nearly gotten lost, but had been close enough
to camp to see the lantern and get there safely. The other
man had apparently seen the craft, for he told about the
bright, glowing large light which slowly came down, the
evening before. S. told his friends about his experience,
and they believed him, not only because they knew him,
but because of the light seen by one of them.
We learned about this particular incident quite by
chance through rumors in the Sacramento area, and notified
Dr. James Harder, one of APRO's advisers. Dr. Harder contacted
S., taped an interview, and after hearing the tape, we
felt it was worth further investigation.
During the course of the investigation and S.'s questioning,
we found some interesting facts: S. reported his experience
to Air Force personnel who suggested that he may have
been the unhappy subject of a prank by teenagers or local
Japanese people (?). They did not seem to take his account
Dr. George Wald, professor of biology at Harvard University,
was quoted in the New York Times, November 13,
1960, concerning the elements of life. He stated that
life existing elsewhere in the universe is likely to be
the same as life on earth. Living organisms everywhere
would be constructed primarily of the same four elements:
carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, and hydrogen, not because of
their abundance but because of their appropriate qualities.
Wald said that it was doubtful that life could arise apart
from water or go very far without oxygen, nor could it
thrive without access to radiation, and specifically in
the wavelength range of 300 - 1100 microns which excites
molecules electronically and so activates photochemical
There are certain advantages in the specific physical
attributes of man. It is most advantageous for man to
walk upright, have three-dimensional vision, his mouth,
nose, eyes, and ears a considerable distance from the
ground. An opposing thumb for grasping is important as
is the arrangement of certain organs such as the anus
which is located in a very convenient position considering
where its contents ultimately are deposited.
The brain mass and posture of man set him apart from other
animals who generally have the same number and type of
In other words, man, considered only from the standpoint
of the success of his evolutionary trend, is quite a successful
Does it follow, then, that life elsewhere would be likely
to follow the same general trend? The observable physical
universe certainly demonstrates some order - stars are
made up of the same general combination of elements and
many have planets which in turn have satellites, indicating
that the structure of our solar system is not necessarily
The Humanoids in South America
For several nights during late October and early November
1965, strange objects were seen in the sky and seemed
to be reconnoitering the huge farm complex of industrialist-chemist
Dario Anhaua Filho near Mogi-Guacu, Brazil. During the
course of one incident, on November 11, Mrs. Filho and
her grandson watched a lighted object land in an adjacent
field and saw small men alight from the craft and walk
around the field. The small figures picked up twigs and
branches, and appeared to examine a mare which was standing
by the fence. They seemed unaware of their observers.
Mr. Filho was in town on business and when he returned,
his wife told him of the event. The next day, he went
back into town where he contacted and invited friends,
including the bank manager, to come and watch for the
return of the object and its occupants.
The vigil was rewarded on the night of the 13th. As darkness
settled over the countryside, the object came in and landed
about 400 feet from the fence separating the yard and
the field. At about this time, the local sheriff and a
police clerk who had been driving to Catagua, drove by
on a highway near the farm and saw the object hovering
prior to landing.
The bank manager became so excited when the craft came
down that he stumbled and dropped his camera and could
not find it in the dark.
The beings observed by the Filhos and the bank executive
were small, about the size of seven-year-olds. One was
wearing overalls, the other chocolate-colored pants and
a gray collarless shirt. The third being had a squarish,
flat head and was wearing what appeared to be a surgeon's
apron. All three, including the ship, glowed brightly.
They set about the tasks of the preceding night - uprooting
plants and plucking leaves and twigs from bushes.
When the object first landed, Filho called a neighboring
farm and before the little men had departed, some guards
and the local parish priest, Longino Vartbinden, arrived
at the farm and witnessed the tableau in the field. When
the little creatures were finished with whatever they
were doing, they got into the object which took off at
high speed. The area apparently was not visited again.
This particular incident correlates with others in
which the entities showed interest in plants and bushes,
and the size of the creatures fits that of the ones reported
in the Masse incident in France.
The call for re-examination of all occupant sightings
brought immediate response from APRO's Dr. Fontes of Brazil,
who has been one of the few researchers to face the problem
of the "little men" squarely from the very beginning
of their injection into the UFO puzzle. He submitted several
cases which had not received widespread attention, among
which is the following.
The location of this incident is Ceres, State of Goias,
which is 300 miles in a straight line from Sâo Francisco
de Salles, the home of Antonio Villas-Boas. The date is
October 10, 1954. The entities involved in this report,
it will be noted, closely resemble those of the Villas-Boas
case, but as Dr. Fontes points out, there is no possibility
that one case was the cause for the other. The Ceres case
was first reported in the Brazilian press on November
30 and the first letter from Villas-Boas concerning his
experience to reporter Joao Martins had been received
on November 15. At the time that Villas-Boas contacted
Martins, no mention of his experience had been published.
October 10, 1954:
On the night in question, Miguel Navarrete Fernandez,
thirty-five, and a friend identified only as Guido arrived
in Ceres. Both men were obviously very frightened and
shortly related their weird experience with a huge flying
machine. They were initially questioned by the proprietor
of the local hotel, who noticed their extreme agitation.
They told their story.
Fernandez, an agent for the coffee company "Exportacao
e Importacao Planalto Ltda.", with his friend Guido,
had come to Ceres to pick up some merchandise. They went
to a farm in the vicinity where they carried out the business,
loading merchandise into the truck. They then headed back
to Ceres at 6 p.m. The trip was uneventful until about
8 p.m. when they were in an area called "Quebra Coco."
Guido called the attention of Fernandez to a brilliant
light ahead. Fernandez thought it was the light of another
truck and said so.
It was shortly obvious that the light was not that of
a truck, for the light took shape - resembling the "body
of a helicopter" - and was very large. It was not
on the road as they thought, but was moving above the
ground. Their truck moved under it, then the object, now
behind them, made a turn, came back and hovered about
150 feet in the air ahead of them. About two minutes later,
it began to move toward them. Guido, very upset, lost
control of the truck and it ran off the road. The motor
stalled and the truck's lights went out.
Both men were terrified. Guido shouted, "My God,
that ball is going to hit the truck!" The object
appeared to be at least 420 feet wide and 120 feet high.
It seemed to have stopped about 120 feet in front of the
truck and hung about 18 feet off the ground.
The dazzling violet-colored light went off suddenly and
only a bright red antenna could still be seen. Then a
door opened from top to bottom, forming a sort of bridge
(like the door of a Convair plane, Fernandez said). Six
slim and apparently normal people appeared in the doorway
and looked silently at the two men. Then a seventh appeared
and stood with them. All were of small stature, had long
hair but otherwise appeared to be human. All of them had
a phosphorescent or glowing red badge on their chests
which made it difficult to discern their features.
For about three minutes, the group of creatures watched
the two men in the truck, then the door was pulled up,
the machine climbed until it was at about 1500 feet altitude
and a small disc-shaped object appeared through another
opening and moved away in the direction from which the
big object had approached. At this point, the truck's
lights came back on and the engine began to function normally.
The two terrified men drove as fast as they dared toward
Fernandez said that all the while the men were looking
at him and Guido, he felt as though he was in a trance,
and had a strange feeling that they were talking to him
and saying that they had come on a peaceful mission, although
he heard no sounds.
A few weeks later, Mr. Gabriel Barbosa de Andrade,
the Judge of Ceres, forwarded a report to the Secretary
of Interior and Justice for the State of Goias giving
the foregoing details.
The small stature of the "creatures," the red
glowing area on their chests and the way the "door"
opened all resemble those three features in the Villas-Boas
case, yet there is no indication that Villas-Boas knew
of this incident, nor that Fernandez and his friend could
have heard about the Villas-Boas case later and concocted
the story. They were questioned by the hotel manager on
the night of the experience and shortly thereafter, by
Judge de Andrade. In February, 1958, Fernandez was questioned
in Rio by Dr. Fontes. All of the interrogators noted the
agitation with which Fernandez told his story. His friend
Guido confirmed the details.